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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2583\margr4070\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2583\margrsxn4070\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri50\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 ilso comprised in the confederation. The Kurus and \expndtw0 ?ancalas are held out in the texts as examples of good \expndtw14 nanners and pure speech. Their kings are model \expndtw2 rulers, and their Brahmans are celebrated for learning, \expndtw11 they (Kum-Pancalas) undertake military operations \expndtw4 in the right season, and their sacrifices are performed \expndtw10 with the minutest details and care.\super 1\nosupersub  Their close \expndtw2 icighbours in the Madhyadesa were the Salvas on the \expndtw5 Jumna, the Vasas and the USinaras, who did not play \expndtw12 my conspicuous part. The Srinjayas were another \expndtw2 tribe, who seem to have been allied with the Kurus, as \expndtw9 they had at one time a common priest. We also hear \expndtw1 of the Matsyas, who were settled round about modern \expndtw10 Jaipur and Alwar.\super 2}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb204\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex85\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ILise of Powerful States}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li2\fi451\ri17\sb166\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The amalgamation of tribes and their wars of \expndtw11 aggrandisement gradually led to the formation of \expndtw3 bigger territorial units as compared with those of the Rigvedic times. The ideal of "paramountcy* or "uni\-versal sovereignty" now began to loom large on the \expndtw6 political horizon, and kings performed sacrifices like \expndtw-1 the 'Vajapeya*, the "Rajasuya* and the "Asvamedha" to symbolise the degree of success achieved in realising \expndtw7 their ambitions. The \i Aitareya \i0 and \i Satapatha Brdh-\expndtw3 manas \i0 mention the names of some monarchs, who performed the 'Asvamedha\super 3\nosupersub  sacrifice along with the \expndtw0 'Aindra Mahabhiseka/ such as Para of KoSala, Sataaika \expndtw2 Satrajita, and Purukutsa Aiksvaka, etc. As the kings \expndtw6 extended their sway, their titles also changed. Thus, \i\expndtw-1 'Raja \i0 was used for an ordinary ruler, and \i AdMrdja, Rajd-\expndtw-4 dhirdja^ Samrdt^ Virdt^ Ekardt, \i0 and \i Sdrvabbauma \i0 denot\-\expndtw6 ed various gradations of suzerains.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li5\fi374\ri0\sb254\sa0\sl-187\slmult0\tx497 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex94\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw7 Satapatha 'Erahmana, \i0 iii, 2, 3, 15; see also \i Cam.  Hist. Ind.,\line \i0\charscalex100\expndtw3 Vol. I, pp. 118-19.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li379\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx497 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex59\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\charscalex86\expndtw3 See also B. C. Law\sub 3\nosupersub  \i Ancient Mid-Indian Ksafrtj/a Tribes,}\par }